Publications (Full CV)

Clifford, Scott. “How Emotional Frames Moralize and Polarize Political Attitudes.” Accepted at Political Psychology. [PDF]

Clifford, Scott. “Reassessing the Structure of Presidential Character.” Accepted at Electoral Studies.

Clifford, Scott and Jennifer Jerit. “Disgust, Anxiety, and Political Learning in the Face of Threat.” Accepted at the American Journal of Political Science. [PDF]

Thomas, Kyle A. and Scott Clifford. 2017. “Validity and Mechanical Turk: An Assessment of Exclusion Methods and Interactive Experiments.” Computers in Human Behavior 77: 184-197.

Clifford, Scott. 2017. “Individual Differences in Group Loyalty Predict Partisan Strength.” Political Behavior 39(3): 531-552. [PDF] [Replication Data]

Clifford, Scott and Spencer Piston. 2017. “Explaining Public Support for Counterproductive Homelessness Policy: The Role of Disgust.” Political Behavior 39(2): 503-525. [PDF] [Appendix] [Replication Data] [Featured in the Monkey Cage.]

Clifford, Scott and Jennifer Jerit. 2016. “Cheating on Knowledge Questions in Online Surveys: An Assessment of the Problem and Solutions.” Public Opinion Quarterly 80(4): 858-887. [PDF]

Clifford, Scott, and Ben Gaskins. 2016. “Trust Me, I Believe in God: Candidate Religiosity as a Signal of Trustworthiness.” American Politics Research 44(6): 1066-1097. [PDF] [Featured in Pacific Standard at]

Clifford, Scott, and Dane G. Wendell. 2016. “How Disgust Influences Health Purity Attitudes.” Political Behavior 38(1): 155-178. [PDF] [Online Appendix]

Clifford, Scott, Ryan Jewell, and Philip Waggoner. 2015. “Are Samples Drawn from Mechanical Turk Valid for Research on Political Ideology?” Research & Politics, October-December: 1-9 [PDF] [Appendix] [Replication Data]

Clifford, Scott, Vijeth Iyengar, Roberto Cabeza, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. 2015. “Moral Foundations Vignettes: A Standardized Stimulus Database of Scenarios Based on Moral Foundations Theory.” Behavior Research Methods 47(4): 1178-1198. [PDF] [Recommended Vignettes]

Clifford, Scott and Jennifer Jerit. 2015. “Do Attempts to Increase Respondent Attention Increase Socially Desirability Bias?” Public Opinion Quarterly 79(3): 790-802. [PDF]

Clifford, Scott, Jennifer Jerit, Carlisle Rainey, and Matt Motyl. 2015. “Moral Concerns and Policy Attitudes: Investigating the Influence of Elite Rhetoric.” Political Communication 33(2): 229-248. [PDF]

Clifford, Scott and Jennifer Jerit. 2014. “Is There a Cost to Convenience? An Experimental Comparison of Data Quality in Laboratory and Online Studies.” Journal of Experimental Political Science 1(2): 120-131. [PDF]

Clifford, Scott. 2014. “Linking Issue Stances and Trait Inferences: A Theory of Moral Exemplification.” Journal of Politics 76(3): 698-710. [PDF] [Online Appendix]

Clifford, Scott and Jennifer Jerit. 2013. “How Words Do the Work of Politics: Moral Foundations Theory and the Debate over Stem Cell Research.” Journal of Politics 75(3). [PDF]

Jerit, Jennifer, Jason Barabas and Scott Clifford. 2013. “Comparing Contemporaneous Laboratory and Field Experiments on Media Effects.” Public Opinion Quarterly 77(1): 256-282. [PDF]

  • Best Paper presented on an Experimental Politics panel at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, 2011.
  • Roberta Sigel Award for Best Paper by a Junior Scholar at the annual meeting of the International Society for Political Psychology Meeting, 2011.

Clifford, Scott. 2012. “Reassessing the Unequal Representation of Latinos and African Americans.” Journal of Politics 74 (3): 903-916. [PDF]

  • American Political Science Association Lawrence Longley Award for the Best Article on Representation and Electoral Systems, 2012.

Selected Working Papers

“How Dispositional Empathy Influences Nascent Political Ambition.” With Justin Kirkland and Beth Simas. Revise and resubmit at Journal of Politics.

“Compassionate Democrats and Loyal Republicans: The Moral Boundaries of Partisan Identity”